A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions

Research Unchained:
The Multidisciplinary Future of
Antislavery Studies

A Special Issue of the Journal of Modern Slavery
in collaboration with
the Antislavery Early Research Project
supported by the AHRC Antislavery Usable Past

Volume 4, Issue 2
December 2018

Forward to Research Unchained: Multidisciplinary Future of Antislavery Studies

Dr. Jean Allain and Dr. Kevin Bales

Introduction by the editors of the Antislavery Usable Past Postgraduate Research Network Special Issue

Katarina Schwarz, Hannah Jeffery, and Rebecca Nelson, PhD candidates

Approaching Contemporary Slavery Through an Historic Lens: an Interdisciplinary Perspective

Rebecca Nelson and Alicia Kidd, PhD candidates

Securing the Prohibition of Labour Exploitation in Law and Practice: Slavery, Servitude, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Italy, Spain and the UK

Dr. Paola Cavanna, Ana Belén Valverde Cano, PhD candidate, and Amy Weatherburn, PhD candidate

Strategic Litigation as a Tool to Combat Modern Slavery

James Sinclair, PhD candidate

Irregular Victims: Investigating the Immigration Status Decisions of Post-NRM Victims of Human Trafficking, the Availability of Eligible Benefits and the Related Impact on Victims of Trafficking

Alexandra Williams-Woods and Yvonne Mellon, PhD candidates

Reasserting Agency: Procedural Justice, Victim-Centricity, and the Right to Remedy for Survivors of Slavery and Related Exploitation

Katarina Schwarz and Jing Geng, PhD candidates

“A Colossal Work of Art”: Antislavery Methods of Visual Protest From 1845 to Today

Hannah Jeffery, PhD candidate, and Dr. Hannah-Rose Murray

‘They don’t play or run or shout…They’re slaves’: The First Survey of Children’s Literature on Modern Slavery

Charlotte James, PhD candidate

Analysing Slavery through Satellite Technology: How Remote Sensing Could Revolutionise Data Collection to Help End Modern Slavery

Bethany Jackson, PhD student, Dr. Kevin Bales, Dr. Sarah Owen, Dr. Jessica Wardlaw, and Dr. Doreen S. Boyd

Collaborating to Identify, Recover and Support Victims of Modern Slavery

Ben Brewster, PhD candidate

This Special Issue transcends disciplinary boundaries, fuels collaboration, and brings the evolving research of early career scholars to light. It offers a space to hash out debates on definitions; to think about the role of technology in mapping sites of exploitation; to survey and understand the ways in which antislavery messages and strategies can be embedded in legal frameworks, multi-agency partnerships, and children’s literature; and to understand the lineage of slavery and antislavery from the past to the present. Featuring the work of nineteen academics in nine papers, it gives voice to a new wave of antislavery research that connects past, present and future and highlights the important role of research networks at all levels of scholarship.

Not a Member? Full access to all Journal of Modern Slavery issues and articles requires a simple free registration process. To learn more about the Journal and becoming a member scroll down..

Welcome to the Journal of Modern Slavery!  Our journal was born with the name Slavery Today Journal in February 2014 (that’s why you’ll see that title on older issues). We recently made the decision to offer our issues FREE of CHARGE, and to publish individual articles as they are completed, rather than wait to fill an issue with several articles and then publish. We feel this will produce more timely information to support those working in our dynamic, rapidly-changing field.

We only have two requests of those wishing to gain access to new articles and all the articles in all the past issues:

One, we need you to register, creating a membership, which requires only your name and a valid, working email address (that we will not share with anyone else) so we can contact you when new content becomes available, and for internal accounting. Peruse the past issues below, and if you’re interested, you can register using the form below.

Two, we ask you to consider (not a requirement for membership) making a tax-deductible donation (yes, we are a 501c3) using the Give portal below.


Journal of Modern Slavery: A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions, is dedicated to research, theory, and practical application in eradicating slavery. It is a nexus of critical thought for all fields relating to understanding and combating modern slavery and is unique in its focus on the issues of slavery and human trafficking.

The Journal engages academics and practitioners in dialogue between the fields, helping us find common language in work toward our common goal. It includes relevant research papers, review papers, case studies, book reviews and conference reports.

Studies currently published only within the author’s discipline or geographic area, which are widely dispersed and a challenge to track down, are assembled in this forum, to spark further research, invite interdisciplinary dialogue, foster changes in practices, create new university courses and new policy at all levels: locally, nationally, globally.

Our Editorial and Advisory boards are staffed with women and men with a diverse cross-section of professions, disciplines, nationalities and cultures, drawing on academic and field level expertise – they truly are subject matter experts in and worldwide leaders of the fight against modern slavery and human trafficking.

Journal of Modern Slavery is an online-only journal, giving it a worldwide reach and making it much more accessible than legacy journals. Our innovative website provides enhanced technical capabilities, increasing accessibility to our international audience of scholars, practitioners, law enforcement personnel, policy makers, direct service providers, legislators, judges and members of diplomatic corps. We are currently implementing a state-of the-art on-line Editorial Review application that will streamline the peer review process and make it easier for authors to contribute.

Anyone engaged in serious study of human trafficking and all its complexities can have access to timely information.

Interested in authoring an article for an upcoming issue?  CLICK HERE

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Below are listings of articles in our issues to date. To gain access to the articles/issues please become a member.


A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 4, Issue 1                                                   Summer 2018

The Developments of Trafficking in Women in Post-Revolution Tunisia

by Racha Haffar


Understanding Child Trafficking within Ghana: Stakeholders’ Perspective

Emma Seyram Hamenoo and Efua Esaaba Mantey Agyire-Tettey


An Economist’s Perspective of Kevin Bales’ “Blood and Earth: Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World”

Jennifer Bossard, Ph.D


Cultural Competence of Western Psychotherapists in Helping Sex Trade Survivors: An Initial Exploration

Daphne Catherine Spyropoulos, B.A.


Civil Society Organisations in Counter-Trafficking Governance: When Long-Standing Interactions Lead to Solid Partnerships

Chloé Brière, PhD, LLM
Julia Muraszkiewicz, PhD, LLM
Amy Weatherburn, LLB, LLM


A Multidisciplinary Journal of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 3, Issue 1                                                   August 2016

Book Review: Collaborating Against Human Trafficking: Cross Sector Challenges and Practices (Author: Dr. Kirsten Foot)

Reviewed by Eve Aronson, M.A.

Book Review: Enslaved: The New British Slavery (Author: Rahila Gupta)

Reviewed by Amber L. Hulsey, A.B.D. and David L. Butler, Ph.D.

Learning From Incidents to Improve Services: Kenyan Victims’ Reaction to a Migrant Labour Scam in Thailand

by Oscar Mmbali, B DIV

Prosecuting Human Trafficking – Progress in the UK

by Kate Garbers

The Relationship Between Human Rights Violations and Human Trafficking

by Julia Muraszkiewicz, LLM

Listening to Local and Foreign Sex Buyers of Men and Women in Cambodia

by Samantha Sommer Miller, MAICS, Glenn Miles, PhD, and James Havey

Measuring Government Responses to Modern Slavery: Vietnam Case Study

by Bodean Hedwards, PhD candidate, and Katherine Bryant, M.A.

Thinking Beyond the Escape: Evaluating the Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Uganda

by Jillian LaBranche, M.A.


A Multidisciplinary Journal of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 2, Issue 2                                             December 2015

Partnership, The Fourth P, Enhances HT Service Efforts in Prevention, Protection and Prosecution Arenas

by Thomas B. Hofmann, PhD and Yaroslaba Garcia, MA

Repressed Memories: Historical Perspectives on Trafficking and Anti-Trafficking

by Eileen P. Scully, PhD

Criminal Legislation for Human Trafficking in the Republic of Moldova

by Nicole Fiorentino, MA

A Model of Multi-Disciplinary Collaboration in Regional Anti-Slavery Efforts

by Erica Baer, PhD, Refael Olivares, MA, Johnny McGaha, PhD and Tama Koss Caldarone, JD

Human Trafficking at the US-Mexico Border and the Role of the Commercial Sex Trade Client

by Lori Celaya, PhD and Marta Boris-Tarré, PhD

A Quantitative Analysis of Commercial Sex Advertisements During Super Bowl XLVIII

by Jesse Bach, PhD, Courtney Mintz, and Jennifer Dohy, MS


A Multidisciplinary Journal of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 2, Issue 1                                                 January 2015

Trafficking in Human Beings as an Enterprise: Highlighting Key Questions About Data Shortage on the Business Side

by Julia Muraszkiewicz, PhD and Dr. Hayley Watson

Rise, Unite, Support: Doing “No Harm” in the Anti-Trafficking Movement

by Karen Countryman-Roswurm, LMSW, PhD

Toward Assessment of Child Survivors of Restavèk in Haiti: Development and Evaluation of a Locally Adapted Psychosocial Assessment Instrument

by Cara L. Kennedy, PhD

Considering a Regional Approach to Combating Human Trafficking in the Caribbean: The ECOWAS Example

by Jill St. George, LLB, LLM, PGDIP (BVC) and Tom Durbin, LLB, LLM, PGDIP (BVC)


A Multidisciplinary Journal of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 1, Issue 2                                             December 2014

A Theory of Human Trafficking Prevalence and Forecasting: Unlikely Marriage of the Human Security, Transnational Organized Crime, and Human Trafficking Literatures

by Davina Durgana

Human Trafficking Specific Jury Instructions: Tools to Increase Prosecutions and Convictions

by Alexander Esseesse and Emily Tocci

Human Trafficking Investigations, Implications of Apathy and Inaction, Recommended Solutions

by David Hartless

Funding and Capacity Building Fuel Cooperation: A Case Study of Counter-Force Networks Fighting Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking in India

by Rodney Green, MSc

Au Pair Scheme: Cultural Exchange or a Pathway to Slavery?

by Tina Davis

Human Trafficking NGOs in Thailand: A Two-Site Case Study of the Children Served in Education Programs

by Robert Spires, PhD

Economics of Child Mining Labor: Estimation of Corporation’s Profits

by Roger-Claude Liwanga, LLM

Book Review: Enslaved: True Stories of Modern Day Slavery, by Jesse Sage and Liora Kasten

Reviewed by Benjamin Thomas Greer


A Multidisciplinary Journal of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 1, Issue 1                                             February 2014

Unlocking the Science of Slavery

by Kevin Bales, PhD

Adopting an Anti-human Trafficking Law in the DR Congo: A Significant Step in the Process of Combating Trafficking

by Roger-Claude Liwanga, J.D.

Who’s Watching the Watchdog?: Are the Names of Corporations Mandated to Disclose under the California Transparency in Supply Chain Act Subject to a Public Records Request?

by Benjamin Thomas Greer, J.D.

A Truly Free State in the Congo: Slavery and Abolition in Global Historical Perspective

by John Donoghue

Slavery Beyond History: Contemporary Concepts of Slavery and Slave Redemption in Ganta (Gamo) of Southern Ethiopia

by Bosha Bombe, B.A. in History; M.A. in Social Anthropology

Ending Slavery

by Aidan McQuade, PhD