Introduction to Slavery
Recent (12 February 2014) article in The Guardian by Aidan McQuade, Director of Anti-Slavery International, the world’s oldest international human rights organization.
Excellent General Facts/Statistics Overview Sheet (PDF from The Price of Life).
Child Labour and Forced Labour
Model Principles of the ABA Model Business and Supplier Policies on Labor Trafficking & Child Labor (PDF, American Bar Association) – ABA’s Business Law Section and its Task Force on Human Trafficking offer the Model Business and Supplier Policies for business enterprises to use as guidelines for review of their own policies and practices.
International Labour Organization (ILO) Global Estimate of Forced Labour (report) – describes in detail the revised methodology used to generate the 2012 ILO global estimate of forced labour, covering the period from 2002 to 2011, and the main results obtained.
Reducing Child Labor and Forced Labor: A Toolkit for Responsible Businesses – U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) website for those interested in reducing the chance that their products—and the raw materials they come from—are manufactured, mined or harvested by children who should be in school, or by workers locked in sweatshops or forced into work through false promises or threats.
2013 U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
2012 U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
2010 U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
2009 U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
Combatting Forced Labour: A Handbook for Employers & Business (ILO) – meets the growing need of employers’ organisa- tions and individual companies worldwide for guidance as to what forced labour is, how it can affect business operations, and what business actors can do to tackle the problems.
Human Rights and Business Dilemmas Forum: Child Labour – U.N. Global Compact web site with an introduction to and analysis of the dilemma. It does so through the integration of real-world scenarios and case studies, examination of emerging economy contexts and exploration of the specific business risks posed by the dilemma. It also suggests a range of actions that responsible companies can take in order to manage and mitigate those risks.
Polaris Project Links for Reports on Labor Trafficking in the U.S.:
Agriculture & Farms
Hostess & Strip Clubs
Restaurants & Food Service
Peddling & Begging Rings
Forced Labor Commodity Atlas (website, Verite) – learn about commodities and their relationship to forced labor and coercion at the base of global supply chains.
Environmental Justice Foundation (website) – a UK-based non-profit organisation working internationally to protect the environment and defend human rights.
Travel and Tourism Industry
AVSEC Human Trafficking Training for Airlines – Green Light Limited is a London-based security training and consultancy company that was established in February 1996.
gBCAT (Global Business Coalition Against Human Trafficking) – a global coalition of corporations committed to eradicating trafficking in supply chains, including forced labor and all sex trafficking, notably child prostitution.
Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism – an industry-driven initiative with the mission to provide awareness, tools and support to the tourism industry to prevent the sexual exploitation of children.
Human Trafficking and the Travel Industry: Overview and Indicators (Polaris Project PDF) – a list of travel industry venues and potential victim indicators that have been associated with situations of human trafficking in which individuals were compelled against their will to engage in commercial sex or forced labor.
Sabre’s Passport to Freedom Initiative Website – mission is to increase awareness and educate the travel industry on human trafficking issues, advocate for legislation change, and provide opportunities for leaders to collaborate.
Sabre’s Online Human Trafficking Training Course (multimedia, 30 minutes)
ECPAT (End Child Prostitution and Trafficking) – the leading policy organization fighting the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) by raising awareness of the issue, advocating for the victims, developing policy for private companies, law enforcement, and government bodies to fight the problem, and passing legislation that protects the victims and penalizes the traffickers and exploiters
International Tourism Partnership Position Statement on Human Trafficking – brings together the world’s leading international hotel companies to provide a voice for social and environmental responsibility in the industry. Engages in ongoing dialogue to reach collaborative solutions to common critical issues.
International Tourism Partnership Green Hotelier “Know How” Guide to Addressing Human Trafficking in the Hospitality Industry (PDF) – developed to help hoteliers understand human trafficking and forced labour – what it is, how it may affect them and what actions they can take to reduce the risk of trafficking in their business.
Fair Trade, Hiring, and Supply Chains
Beyond SB657: How Businesses Can Meet and Exceed California’s Requirements to Prevent Forced Labor in Supply Chains (PDF, Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking (ATEST)) – outlines ATEST’s perspective on the major elements of disclosure required by SB 657 and highlights those policies and practices. ATEST will also be releasing results of on-going research on hundreds of company disclosures in order to demonstrate how the law is – and is not – leading to changes in corporate practice around trafficking.
Human Trafficking & Global Supply Chains: A Background Paper (PDF, Verite) – presents an overview of the ways trafficking in persons and related human rights abuses such as forced labour can impact global trade and the production chains of multinational enterprises.
KnowTheChain (website) – designed to open a meaningful dialogue that assists companies in building free and humane supply chain practices. Dataset contains companies that meet the criteria established by SB-657 and provides links to identified statements.
GoodGuide (website) – Find safe, healthy, green & ethical products based on scientific ratings.
Fair Trade USA – Fair Trade USA enables sustainable development and community empowerment by cultivating a more equitable global trade model that benefits farmers, workers, consumers, industry and the earth.
Global Business Coalition Against Human Trafficking (gBCAT) – mobilizes the power, resources and thought leadership of the business community to end human trafficking, including all forms of forced labor and sex trafficking.
VERITE Fair Hiring Toolkit – offers tools, guidance, and approaches to support the responsible recruitment and hiring of migrant workers in global supply chains.
Risks of Human Trafficking and Slavery for Supply Chain Professionals (online course, University of Delaware) – provides foundational knowledge and skills using scenarios modified from actual business cases.
California Transparency in Supply Chains Act (SB 657) – PDF of the bill.
Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ Framework (PDF, United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner).
Slavery Footprint Tool (interactive website).
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre (website) – non-profit organization drawing attention to the human rights impacts (positive & negative) of over 5100 companies, operating in over 180 countries.
Human Trafficking and Business: An eLearning Course on How to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking from U.N. Global Initiative to Fight Trafficking (UNGIFT) and End Human Trafficking Now! Campaign (EHTN!) – a modular training program me. In addition to the eLearning course, this training handbook serves as a manual for educational purposes. The course aims to help enterprises understand what human trafficking is, identify where it might be a risk to their business and point to actions they can take to address this risk.
Human Trafficking and Business: Good Practices to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking (UNGIFT, PDF) – an overview and introduction to human trafficking and the role that business can play in addressing it. It explains in practical terms what human trafficking is, why it is an issue for business and what companies large and small can do to take action against it.
Human Trafficking: A Global Problem – U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Blue Campaign poster to print and display in a business environment.
Death Is Not The Only Way To Lose Your Life – U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Blue Campaign poster to print and display in a business environment.
Rescue & Restore: Victims of Human Trafficking – U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) program to increase the identification of trafficking victims in the United States and to help those victims receive the benefits and services they need to restore their lives.
Contact Information for Local Rescue and Restore Coalitions – U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) list of Rescue and Restore Coalitions nationwide.
National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project (NIWAP) Directory of Programs With Experience Serving Immigrant Victims – A directory of service providers with experience working with immigrant victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, U-visa crimes, and human trafficking.
Human Trafficking “Coffee Break” Training – DHS “short and sweet” fact sheet.
Human Trafficking and Business – UNGIFT eLearning course on how to prevent and combat human trafficking for business leaders, managers, and employees of private companies.
American Bar Association Anti-Trafficking Project Home Page – The ABA Task Force on Human Trafficking was created to mobilize the legal profession to combat human trafficking through public awareness, advocacy, training and education.
Legal and Governmental
California Law Requires Certain Business Establishments to Post a Notice Regarding Human Trafficking and Slavery – BakerHostetler talking paper on California 52.6
Progress in Combating Trafficking in Persons: The Government Response to Modern Slavery (US President’s Interagency Task Force, 2012, PDF) – the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (PITF) brings together federal departments and agencies to ensure a whole- of-government approach that addresses all aspects of human trafficking—enforcement of criminal and labor law, victim identification and protection, education and public awareness, international trade and development, enhanced partnerships and research opportunities, and international engagement and diplomacy.
Promising Practices: A Review of U.S. Government-Funded Anti-Trafficking In Persons Programs (Senior Policy Operating Group Grantmaking Committee, December 2012, PDF) – Established in 2003, the Senior Policy Operating Group (SPOG) to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons coordinates interagency policy, grants, research, and planning issues involving international and domestic trafficking in persons (TIP) and the implementation of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).
The State of Human Trafficking in California (Kamala D. Harris, Attorney General California Department of Justice, PDF, 2012) – report reflects the work of representatives from law enforcement, victim service providers, non-governmental organizations, technology companies, and academic institutions.