A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions

Volume 6, Issue 1                2021


Piloting a method for the aggregation and visualisation of audit data to enhance forced labour risk identification

Zoë Fortune
Director of research projects with a special interest in the fields of modern slavery and mental health

Silvia Mera
Director for programs combating child and forced labour

Paul Ling
Tech architect for The Mekong Club working in the field of social compliance


Ethical auditing is one key way that companies assess compliance with labour standards and identify issues relating to forced labour. Essential information on working conditions is collected each year across thousands of factories, yet data remains proprietary, is not harmonised in format or content, and is under-utilised with costs often passed on to workers. This can lead to an underestimation of the risk of forced labour in supply chains. To overcome such challenges, the authors piloted a unique method for the collection, aggregation, analysis and visualisation of social audit data from disparate, pre-existing but hitherto under-utilised resources. Data from 2,946 audits across six Asian countries was aggregated to pilot an online interactive risk screening tool. This paper describes methods used by the team and provides an overview of the online tool. Implications for improving social compliance auditing, risk identification, data classification and aggregation are discussed.


A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions


Volume 6, Issue 2                2021

Guest Editor: Dr. Helen McCabe
Assistant Guest Editors: Dr. Ben Brewster and Laoise Ni Bhriaini

CLICK/TAP HERE to download/read the entire issue in a PDF document in a new window/tab.

CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE (CLICK/TAP the links below to read/download the individual papers)

Introduction to the COVID-19 and MODERN SLAVERY Issue
Helen McCabe

COVID-19’s Impact on Anti-Trafficking Efforts: What do we know?
Idel Hanley and Jean-Pierre Gauci

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Identification of Victims of Modern Slavery and Their Access to Support Services in Australia
Nerida Chazal and Ms Kyla Raby

Fluid Vulnerabilities: Narratives of Modern Slavery in India during Lockdown
George Byrne, Professor Tamsin Bradley, Elizabeth Khumallambam, Sutirtha Sahariah

Ripped at the Seams: RMG Sector Workers During a Global Pandemic
Christopher Hansen, Ridhi Sahai, Vaiddehi Bansal, Mithila Iyer, Jafar Iqbal, Maansi Parpiani, Michelle Davis, and Kareem Kysia

Shattered Dreams: Bangladeshi Migrant Workers during a Global Pandemic
Ridhi Sahai, Vaiddehi Bansal, Muhammad Jalal Uddin Sikder, Kareem Kysia, and Sharon Shen

Underlying Conditions: The Increased Vulnerability of Migrant Workers Under COVID-19 in Israel
Maayan Niezna, Yahel Kurlander, Hila Shamir

The Finance of Sex Trafficking and Impact of COVID-19
Phoebe Ewen

Red Light Refracted: Impacts of COVID-19 on Commercial Sexual Exploitation in Maharashtra, India
Erika Keaveney, Mithila Iyer, Xiran Liu, Rachael Jackson, and Kareem Kysia

Pivoting technology: understanding working conditions in the time of COVID-19
Hannah Thinyane, Michael Gallo

Australia’s Modern Slavery Act and COVID-19: a get out of jail free card?
Fiona McGaughey

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on survivors of human trafficking in the Philippines
Laura Cordisco Tsai, Jonna Eleccion, and Ankita Panda

The Impact of COVID-19 on Survivors of Human Trafficking in Kenya: A Participatory Approach
Emily Brady, Aisha Ali Haji, Rehema Baya,Yasmin Manji, Helen McCabe, Muthoni Muhunyo, Sophie Otiende, and Ruth Sorby

To learn more about our library of past issues, and read/download them,
go to the Journal Home page.


The SlaveFree Today Podcast is an extension of the work of SlaveFree Today and the Journal of Modern Slavery with our focus on practical solutions in the struggle to end modern slavery. It is a part of our work to transcend disciplinary boundaries by fostering collaboration, encouraging conversation, and igniting action. The mission of our podcast is to illuminate practical steps toward a slavefree world. We invite you to join us and be part of the solution.

Our episodes are now available here on our website, and through Apple Podcasts, Spotify, SoundCloud, Stitcher, and GooglePlay Music. Each episode posted on this site will be accompanied by show notes and a transcript. To learn more about the SlaveFree Today Podcast and listen to all episodes, GO TO THE PODCAST HOME PAGE


In consideration of the UN’s World Day Against Child Labour this month, our special episode welcomes Purva Gupta, the Global Coordinator for the Global March Against Child Labour, and Victor Ochen, the Founder and Executive Director of African Youth Initiative Network (AYINET), to talk with Dr. Tina Davis about challenges to the work of ending child labour, about focusing on local needs, and suggestions for solutions.


The Journal of Modern Slavery and its mother organization, SlaveFree Today, are launching a new blog platform. The blog will feature a multitude of perspectives on current and emerging actions and ideas from around the world to tackle and eliminate modern slavery and related exploitative practices in accordance with SDG 8.7. In the long term, the blog will be a platform that invites new and young voices to participate in the conversation. However, short term, the blog will be a platform that takes a deeper look at the impact of COVID-19 and its repercussion on modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour, and child labour (SDG 8.7)


COVID-19 and Forced Labour

Supriya Awasthi is a true pioneer in the field of modern slavery, having been the South Asia Director for the Free the Slaves organization since its inception.




We are seeking voices from all parts of the world and from all sectors, from practitioners, front-liners and service providers, survivors, academics, students, policymakers, journalists, and social entrepreneurs. And we are looking for different angles including health, migration, economics, employment, poverty, gender, livelihood, access to justice, youth, policy, conflict, social unrest, innovation and other areas linked to the intersection of this pandemic with modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and child labour (SDG 8.7).



Child Labour Edition

Guest Editors
Urmila Bhoola & Cindy Berman

This edition seeks to explore the degree of progress and success there has been in tackling systemic and complex issues of child labour. Child labour – especially in its worst forms – is most often evident at the intersection between high levels of poverty, discrimination & exclusion, lack of social protection, lack of access to affordable, quality education, failures in labour rights protection & monitoring by states, impunity & lack of accountability of the private sector and high degrees of labour market flexibility.

CLICK/TAP HERE to view/download the full Call for Papers PDF.


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