A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Human Trafficking Solutions



Volume 5, Issue 2                2020

Guest Editor: Dr. Helen McCabe
Guest Assistant Editors: Dr. Ben Brewster, Laoise Ni Bhriain, Hannah Lerigo-Stephens, Dr. Daniel Ogunniyi

(CLICK/TAP the title link to read/download the abstracted articles in this issue in a new browser window/tab)

Forward to the COVID-19 Supplemental Issue
Dr. Helen McCabe

COVID-19’s Impact on Anti-Trafficking Efforts: What do we know?
Idel Hanley, Jean-Pierre Gauci

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Identification of Victims of Trafficking and Their Access to Support Services in Australia
Dr. Nerida Chazal, Ms Kyla Raby

Critiquing America’s Response to Human Trafficking: Race, Gender, and Colonialism Narratives in a COVID-19 Context
Lucy Mahaffey

Fluid Vulnerabilities: Narratives of Modern Slavery in India during Lockdown
Dr. George Byrne, Professor Tamsin Bradley, Elizabeth Khumallambam, Dr. Sutirtha Sahariah

Ready Made Garment (RMG) Study: Bangladesh and India
Christopher Hansen, Jafar Iqbal, Maansi Parpiani, Michelle Davis, Ridhi Sahai, Vaiddehi Bansal, Mithila Iyer, Kareem Kysia

Overseas Labor Recruitment (OLR) Study – Bangladesh
Ridhi Sahai, Vaiddehi Bansal, Muhammad Jalal Uddin Sikder, Kareem Kysia

Underlying conditions: The Commodification of Migrant Workers Under COVID-19
Maayan Niezna, Dr. Yahel Kurlander, Hila Shamir

The Finance of Sex Trafficking and Impact of COVID-19
Phoebe Ewen

Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE) Study – India
Erika Keaveney, Mithila Iyer, Xiran Liu, Kareem Kysia

Pivoting technology: understanding working conditions in the time of COVID-19
Hannah Thinyane, Michael Gallo

Australia’s Modern Slavery Act and COVID-19: a get out of jail free card?
Fiona McGaughey

Services and Safety for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Social Service Agency Statewide Survey on the Impact of COVID-19
Kimberly A. Hogan

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on survivors of human trafficking in the Philippines
Laura Cordisco Tsai, PhD, and Jonna Eleccion

COVID-19 and Child Criminal Exploitation: Implications of the Pandemic for County Lines
Ben Brewster, Grace Robinson

Assessing the impact of ad-hoc migratory and asylum regulations on the vulnerability to human trafficking and forced labour in Spain, Germany, and Italy: identifying good practices during the COVID-19 pandemic
Dr. Ana B. Valverde-Cano, Juan J. Ruiz-Ramos, Paola Cavanna

The Impact of COVID-19 on Survivors of Modern Slavery in Kenya
Emily Brady, Dr. Helen McCabe, Sophie Otiende, Aisha Ali Haji, Rehema Maya, Yasmin Manji, Ruth Sorby

READ/DOWNLOAD all article abstracts in a single PDF document

Journal of Modern Slavery

A Multidisciplinary Exploration
of Human Trafficking Solutions

Dedicated to research, theory, and practical application in eradicating slavery. It is a nexus of critical thought for all fields relating to understanding and combating modern slavery and is unique in its focus on the issues of slavery and human trafficking.

All issues of Journal of Modern Slavery are available free-of-charge.


Child Labour Edition

Guest Editors
Urmila Bhoola & Cindy Berman

This edition seeks to explore the degree of progress and success there has been in tackling systemic and complex issues of child labour. Child labour – especially in its worst forms – is most often evident at the intersection between high levels of poverty, discrimination & exclusion, lack of social protection, lack of access to affordable, quality education, failures in labour rights protection & monitoring by states, impunity & lack of accountability of the private sector and high degrees of labour market flexibility.

Final articles should be 4,000-10,000 words, including abstract, footnotes, and author bio.

Full submission guidelines

Submissions should be made via our Scholastica platform

Review decisions will be made by mid July.

Publication date is planned for September 2021.

CLICK/TAP HERE to view/download the full Call for Papers in PDF.


Volume 6, Issue 1, 2021


“Boys Are Like Gold”: The Gendered Differences in Sexual Violence Against Street-Involved Children in Southwest Cambodia

Jarrett Davis
Social Researcher and Consultant, up! International
Glenn Miles
Senior Researcher and Consultant, up! International
Maggie Eno
Director and co-founder, M’lop Tapang
Andrew G. Rowland
Consultant in Children’s Emergency Medicine and
Honorary Professor at the University of Salford


This paper explores findings from interviews with 130 children (55 girls and 75 boys) living or working on the streets and beaches in Sihanoukville, Cambodia and discusses their vulnerabilities to sexual exploitation and other forms of violence.

To learn more about our library of past issues, and read/download them,
go to the Journal Home page.

The Journal of Modern Slavery and its mother organization, SlaveFree Today, are launching a new blog platform. The blog will feature a multitude of perspectives on current and emerging actions and ideas from around the world to tackle and eliminate modern slavery and related exploitative practices in accordance with SDG 8.7. In the long term, the blog will be a platform that invites new and young voices to participate in the conversation. However, short term, the blog will be a platform that takes a deeper look at the impact of COVID-19 and its repercussion on modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour, and child labour (SDG 8.7).


Covid-19 and Forced Labour

Supriya Awasthi is a true pioneer in the field of modern slavery, having been the South Asia Director for the Free the Slaves organization since its inception.

“Innovative economic project provides exit opportunities for women exploited by the commercial sex industry”

Ashley Kibiger is a Project Leader at El Pozo de Vida, a nonprofit based out of México City that works to eradicate human trafficking and exploitation.

The Role of Plea Bargaining in Human Trafficking Cases

Jamie Bergin is a graduate of the MAIS programme of the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna and currently works as a political risk analyst. He previously worked for the Office of the OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, based in Vienna.

COVID-19 and the Right to be Human

Anna Moore is a multilingual policy advisor currently working as an external consultant for Anti-Slavery International. She holds an MSc in social psychology from the University of Liverpool and has expertise in modern slavery, socially excluded populations, corporate social responsibility, and human rights. Follow Anna on Twitter @mooreanna01.

COVID-19 and a Path Forward for Homeworkers

Camila Gómez Wills is a Colombian attorney with experience in program management, stakeholder engagement, and international research. She recently finished a Master’s in Public Policy focused on best practices to address modern slavery in global supply chains.


We are seeking voices from all parts of the world and from all sectors, from practitioners, front-liners and service providers, survivors, academics, students, policymakers, journalists, and social entrepreneurs. And we are looking for different angles including health, migration, economics, employment, poverty, gender, livelihood, access to justice, youth, policy, conflict, social unrest, innovation and other areas linked to the intersection of this pandemic with modern slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and child labour (SDG 8.7).


The SlaveFree Today Podcast is an extension of the work of SlaveFree Today and the Journal of Modern Slavery with our focus on practical solutions in the struggle to end modern slavery. It is a part of our work to transcend disciplinary boundaries by fostering collaboration, encouraging conversation, and igniting action. The mission of our podcast is to illuminate practical steps toward a slavefree world. We invite you to join us and be part of the solution.

Our episodes are now available here on our website, and through Apple Podcasts, Spotify, SoundCloud, Stitcher, and GooglePlay Music. Each episode posted on this site will be accompanied by show notes and a transcript. To learn more about the SlaveFree Today Podcast and listen to all episodes, GO TO THE PODCAST HOME PAGE


Dr. Tina Davis and Giulia Laganà discuss the situation for migrant farm workers in Europe. Migrant workers in the agriculture sector are particularly vulnerable and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic has only worsened their conditions.

Giulia leads the Open Society Foundation’s European Policy Institute, analysis and advocacy on EU policies on migration and asylum. A migration expert with 15 years of experience, Laganà was a senior adviser on migration, human rights, EU and international affairs to the president of the Italian Chamber of Deputies in Rome from 2013 to 2016. Previously, she spent four years with the United Nations, working for UNHCR and UNDP in Italy and Brussels, respectively. While she was with the United Nations Development Programme, Laganà oversaw migration and development projects in Western and North Africa. Her work experience also includes stints with NGOs such as SOLIDAR and with the European Commission.



Dr. Tina Davis and Tomoya Obokata discuss the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on human trafficking and modern slavery. Mr. Obokata is a Japanese scholar of international law and human rights, specialising in transnational organised crime, human trafficking and modern slavery. He was appointed as the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences in March 2020, and embarked on his mandate in May 2020.  He currently serves as Professor of International Law and Human Rights at Keele University.



Dr. Tina Davis and Brynn O’Brien discuss climate change, and how climate change is linked to human rights issues, such as modern forms of slavery and severe exploitation, and what shareholder activism is, and how this can influence better performance on environmental, social and governance issues. Brynn is a lawyer and strategist, and the Executive Director of the Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility (ACCR). ACCR promotes better performance of Australian and global companies on climate, environmental and governance issues. As an ‘activist shareholder’ organisation, ACCR engages with companies and their investors on these issues, including through filing shareholder resolutions.



Dr. Tina Davis and Terry Collingsworth of International Rights Advocates discuss the landmark lawsuit filed against the big tech companies Apple, Alphabet (Google), Microsoft, Dell and Tesla on behalf of children and families of children who have been killed or maimed while working in cobalt mines in Congo DRC. The lawsuit claims that the children extracted cobalt for re-chargeable batteries used in the products sold by these big tech companies, and that the companies have known that children have been working in the hazardous conditions of the mines. The lawsuit is filed under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) by the International Rights Advocates based in Washington DC on behalf of the plaintiffs in Congo DRC.



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