NGO Reports

Academic  |  Government  |  U.N.  |  NGO

“NO MORE”: Ending Sex-Trafficking In Canada – Report of the National Task Force on Sex Trafficking of Women and Girls in Canada

The Task Force was created and funded by the Canadian Women’s Foundation to investigate the nature and extent of sex trafficking in Canada, and to recommend a national anti-trafficking strategy to inform the work of the Canadian Women’s Foundation.

The findings and recommendations contained in this report were developed to assist the Canadian Women’s Foundation in creating its own five-year national anti-trafficking strategy. It is also hoped the recommendations will inform and offer guidance to other stakeholders working in this area.


FROM HEARTBREAKING TO GROUNDBREAKING: Stories and Strategies to End Sex Trafficking in Canada

Girls, often as young as 13, are being lured, recruited and procured into sexual slavery by predators who profit from their endeavors, rob them of their dignity, and often wound them with lifelong scars, changing forever the trajectories of otherwise happy lives.

Poverty, violence and widespread gender inequity are the preconditions for trafficking, but not the only factors. Any one of the previously trafficked girls and women we have come to know could be our own daughter, our sister, our niece, our aunt. The diversity of those who are trafficked is sobering: Any girl, anywhere, at any time.


Becoming Hope: Stories, Reflections and Recommendations about Trafficking and Slavery Aftercare in the UK

Presents the stories of Kate, Amy and Natalie (not their real names). These survivors approached SHF for long-term aftercare support; in one way or another they had been let down by the system, and they wanted us to tell their stories. Demonstrates the challenges they have faced, the limitations of the National Referral Mechanism (NRM), and the insufficient support provided by many social and government services.


Human Trafficking in the Cotton Industry

Examines the link between cotton and human trafficking by analyzing: the different tiers in the fashion supply chain in which trafficking occurs; media coverage of countries involved in the fashion industry across the world related to the issue; how Non-Governmental Organisations drive media awareness and influence key initiatives for change; and, the role companies have to play in establishing a traffik-free fashion industry.


Forced Labor in the Production of Electronic Goods in Malaysia: A Comprehensive Study of Scope and Characteristics

Malaysia’s electronics sector workforce includes hundreds of thousands of foreign migrant workers who come to Malaysia on the promise of a good salary and steady work – an opportunity to make a better life for themselves and their families. But many are subject to high recruitment fees, personal debt, complicated recruitment processes, lack of transparency about their eventual working conditions, and inadequate legal protections. Unscrupulous behavior on the part of employers or third-party employment agents1 can exacerbate vulnerability to exploitation, but the system in which foreign workers are recruited, placed and managed is complex enough to create vulnerability even in the absence of willful intent to exploit.  The conditions faced by foreign electronics workers in Malaysia have the potential to result in forced labor. In 2012, Verité received funding from the US Department of Labor to conduct a study to determine whether such forced labor does, in fact, exist in the production of electronic goods in Malaysia.


Slavery at Sea: The Continued Plight of Trafficked Migrants in Thailand’s Fishing Industry

Provides recent examples of problems that have long plagued the industry in Thailand. Since the late 1980s, Thailand’s increasing prosperity and low unemployment rate have led many Thai citizens to turn away from low-paid work in the country’s more labour-intensive sectors, including construction, fishing and seafood processing. At the same time, Thailand’s comparatively underdeveloped neighbours have provided a cheap and plentiful supply of migrant labour, which has acted to discourage businesses from investing in labour-saving production processes.22 Consequently, entire sections of the Thai economy have become strongly reliant on migrant labour. Workers from Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia now constitute up to 10 per cent of Thailand’s workforce, and as much as 90 per cent in the seafood industry.


Recommendations for Fighting Human Trafficking in the United States and Abroad

2008 Transition Report for the Next Presidential Administration by The Action Group to End Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery. The Action Group is comprised of: the Alliance to Stop Slavery and End Trafficking, Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking, Free the Slaves, International Justice Mission, Not For Sale Campaign, Polaris Project, Ricky Martin Foundation, Solidarity Center, and Vital Voices Global Partnership. The Action Group is a U.S.-based, non-partisan group of complementary organizations dedicated to abolishing modern-day slavery and human trafficking.


Slavery on the High Street: Forced Labour in the Manufacture of Garments for International Brands

Identifies the use of slavery-like practices involved in the manufacture of garments in India for international markets: the use of forced labour of young women and girls in the factories of Southern India, particularly the spinning mills around Tirupur. Also identifies the routine use of child labour in garment finishing in Delhi. Details of international companies whose supply chains appear to be affected by some of these forms of forced labour are given in chapter four of this report.


Out of the Shadows: Child Marriage and Slavery

Reviews the literature available on child marriage to show that a potentially high proportion of children in marriage are in slavery.  Deploys a wealth of material already available on the subject of child marriage to present how many of these real-life incidences in fact amount to slavery and slavery-like practices under international law, based on a thorough analysis of the most relevant UN and ILO standards.


Ending Child Trafficking in West Africa: Lessons From the Ivorian Cocoa Sector

Finds that trafficking of children to cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire still occurs. The research found significant numbers of young people in Mali and Burkina Faso who had worked as children in cocoa farms in Côte d’Ivoire in the last five years. The practices occur in the context of large-scale movements of people within the region including the trafficking of children to other  agricultural activities and to other sectors.


“They Respect Their Animals More”: Voices of Child Domestic Workers

The product of group discussions and individual interviews with more than 400 current and former child domestic workers from urban and rural areas in Benin, Costa Rica, India, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania and Togo, to inform about the situation and needs of child domestic workers in order to better target programmes and policies on the issue.


The Cocoa Industry in West Africa: A History of Exploitation

Provides an in-depth analysis of how cocoa is produced and how child and slave labour enter its chain of production. It relates the history of cocoa and explores how this commodity fits within a global market. Drawing on a wide range of sources, it concludes with recommendations for consumers, the chocolate industry and governments on actions needed to address this serious problem.