Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2018

Bethany Jackson

Rights Lab funded PhD Student at the School of Geography contributing to the Rights Lab Data Programme, University of Nottingham.

Dr. Kevin Bales

Professor of Contemporary Slavery & Research Director to the Rights Lab, University of Nottingham.

Dr. Sarah Owen

Assistant Professor of Remote Sensing and contributing researcher to the Rights Lab, University of Nottingham.

Dr. Jessica Wardlaw

Research Fellow at the Nottingham Geospatial Institute (NGI) contributing to the Rights Lab Data Programme, University of Nottingham.

Dr. Doreen S. Boyd

Associate Professor and Reader in Earth Observation, Rights Lab Associate Director of the Data Programme, University of Nottingham.

 

Abstract

An estimated 40.3 million people are enslaved globally across a range of industries. Whilst these industries are known, their scale can hinder the fight against slavery. Some industries using slave labour are visible in satellite imagery, including mining, brick kilns, fishing and shrimp farming. Satellite data can provide supplementary details for large scales which cannot be easily gathered on the ground. This paper reviews previous uses of remote sensing in the humanitarian and human rights sectors and demonstrates how Earth Observation as a methodology can be applied to help achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal target 8.7.