Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2018

Dr. Paola Cavanna

Dr. Paola Cavanna holds a Master in Law by ‘Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore’ in Italy, where she obtained her Ph.D. defending a thesis on the prevention of labour exploitation in the agri-food sector. She is currently working as legal advisor in the field of migration and human rights.

Ana Belén Valverde Cano

Ana Belén Valverde Cano is a Ph.D candidate at the University of Granada, focusing on the regulation of extreme labour exploitation and human trafficking within the Spanish law.

Amy Weatherburn

Amy Weatherburn is a Ph.D. candidate at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Tilburg University conducting research on trafficking in human beings and the handling of labour exploitation in law.



The fight against contemporary forms of slavery is a top priority in the current global agenda. This article reviews and assesses the domestic diversity of labour exploitation regulation. In part 1, the article reviews the concept of labour exploitation in international and European law, whilst part 2 provides an overview of three legal frameworks – Italy, Spain and the UK. A comparative analysis considers the extent to which these countries implement international legal obligations both in law and practice. Finally, the article seeks to promote cross-fertilisation of experiences and dialogue among legal practitioners, both domestically and between different countries.