Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2018

Emma Seyram Hamenoo

Lecturer, Department of Social Work, University of Ghana

Efua Esaaba Mantey Agyire-Tettey

Lecturer, Department of Social Work, University of Ghana



Human trafficking though internationally defined (UN, 2000), needs a national definition relevant to its occurrence within the territorial jurisprudence of the nation experiencing it. In Ghana, the Human Trafficking Act broadly defines human trafficking as: the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, trading or receipt of persons within and across national borders by a) the use of threats, force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or exploitation of vulnerability, or b) giving or receiving payments and benefits to achieve consent. Exploitation shall include at the minimum, induced prostitution and other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. Placement for sale, bonded placement, temporary placement, placement as service where exploitation by someone else is the motivating factor shall also constitute trafficking (Article1: Clause 1-3). This definition provides no distinction between the trafficking of adults and the trafficking of children. Although article 42 of the Human Trafficking Act (2005) makes reference to the possibility of children being victims of human trafficking, it falls short of an explicit definition of the concept, setting the scene for multiple definitions, with the inevitable difficulties that emerge from such legal imprecision.