Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2015
Nicole Fiorentino, MA
Doctoral Candidate, International Conflict Management, Kennesaw State University. MA, Central and Eastern European Studies, La Salle University. BA, History, San Diego State University
The Republic of Moldova has, in recent years, strengthened its legislation in relation to the crime of human trafficking. The country’s current legislation focuses on four areas: 1) the protection of victims; 2) prosecution of criminals; 3) prevention of the crime; and 4) partnership of stakeholders. This paper will identify and analyze the prosecutorial legislation existing in the Moldovan Criminal Code, initially in the broader context of Trafficking in Human Beings (“THB”) as a whole, and subsequently concentrating on each of the aforementioned areas, applicable to Labor Trafficking, Sex Trafficking and Child Trafficking in the Republic of Moldova (“Moldova”). Not unlike many countries, the legislative measures in Moldova remain “top-heavy”. The laws are existent and known by government, law enforcement and Non-Governmental Organizations (“NGOs”), yet affect limited change for those actually impacted by the crime. However, legislative measures remain critical in counter trafficking and legislation put forth by a government is often the first step in pushing these efforts forward. Therefore, a thorough examination of the legislation is necessary if a decrease of trafficking is to result.